Nosyon: International Journal of Society and Culture Studies 2020-06-30T20:20:11+00:00 Assoc. Prof. Dr. Bilge Narin & Asst. Prof. Dr. Ufuk Bircan Open Journal Systems <p><span id="result_box" class="" lang="en"><span class="">Nosyon is a peer-reviewed, international, electronic, open access, and independent journal.</span></span></p> Proteophobia in the context of Zygmunt Bauman's moral understanding 2020-06-30T20:08:41+00:00 Rumeysa Öztürk <p>According to Zygmunt Bauman's moral understanding, moral responsibility is more important than everything. Morality has no basis, and it cannot be tied to any purpose, it is ambiguous and slippery in its ambiguity. Such moral responsibility can be defined as "being for the Other". In the twinning commitment, the person is responsible independently of what the assignee is doing, whether he has this responsibility or not, and is independent of any external party. However, this moral unity of the duo with society is disrupted. Here we talk about third parties. Functionality with the emergence of the third can be ensured by the establishment and continuation of laws and rules. Even though the Third is essentially the Other, it is external in this relationship and with it has become a regulator. It cannot be far from a priori in the rational design that tries to eradicate all kinds of ambiguity, baseless, irrational and ambiguous morality. Here, universal ethical codes and morals are determined by rules. Order design brings together living with foreigners and living in the city with foreigners, and as a foreigner, thus, ruled morality is fearful for a society. This is the fear of not knowing what to do, how to behave, as well as the fear that one day he is likely to be a stranger. The fear can spread everywhere and form to every ground: Proteophobia. Sterile fields that we try to enter with this fear, gradually destroy the notion of “being for the other” more and more; however, as the degree of sterilisation increases insecurity and fear increase too. In this study, based on Bauman's moral understanding, fear and insecurity concepts have been analysed.</p> 2020-06-30T19:22:01+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The effect of the values adopted by teachers on the learning process 2020-06-30T20:19:07+00:00 Mehmet Bayır <p>Morality comes to mind when it comes to human and human comes to mind when it comes to morality. Morality is a concept by understood with human, and human is an entity that makes meaning with morality. Morality is a social learning. The child learns how to behave at school from teachers, parents in the family, peers on the streets, in social life experiences and adults. These learning are all an education. In this respect, morality is the central issue of education. Human is the subject of morality. It is the only entity that has the power to regulate, change and rebuild morality. School is a supportive factor in bringing the individual moral behaviour. The role of the teacher, who has been changing with the effect of the transformative power of globalization is to guide, awaken the student's desire to learn. Values guide human behaviour, thoughts and decisions. Values suggest how we should live, what is meaningful or meaningless. A human what for if value things, to care about and head for it him. A teacher, who accepts freedom as a value, aims to raise individuals who respect others' rights and freedoms, can express themselves freely, think, question and most importantly feel free. In this respect, it can be said that students' perspective and life philosophy are as much as the values of the teacher. In the first part of this study, organizational education system and the functions of schools and educational approaches in the Turkish modernization process are discussed. In the second part, moral theories are examined on the basis of moral philosophy and teacher morality is evaluated from a critical and analytical point of view.</p> 2020-06-30T19:24:17+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Globalisation and the rise of popular culture 2020-06-30T20:08:43+00:00 Cem Artan <p>Globalization leads the local cultures of all societies to have a form free from the limitations of time and space. This new form is the popular culture. Popular culture is a threat to people’s own culture and is a totally constructed, ideological product. Popular culture that creates an impression of including local (folk) cultures is indeed a “modern” project that involve the local, popularize it and commercialize it as consumption goods. Considering the development of information technologies, the whole world attempts at coming together in shared values and extending them. Those who argue that as a result of globalisation people come to have much more opportunities and became more active in their communication, ignore the fact that globalization made the world a single market and aims to create a market that is appropriate to its manner of masa production. According to the economic determinist thesis claiming that economy shapes culture, the culture including popular culture can be understood in economic terms. But in this study, it is emphasized that culture as relatively autonomous from the economy, is a result of the life and activities of human bring and it is questioned that to what extend culture can be independent from the market culture.</p> 2020-06-30T19:28:15+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Socio-cultural dimensions of European Union-Turkey relations 2020-06-30T20:20:11+00:00 Ünal Görkem Akman <p>Turkey’s membership of the EU will make the EU stronger. Turkey would assist the policies of EU that will be followed in the Balkans, the Caucasus and the Middle East. Turkey's membership of the EU has great benefits both to Turkey and the EU. There is a long history of relations between Turkey and the European Union. For over 60 years in advancing relations between the European Union and Turkey has deepened with the beginning of the negotiations. Negotiations between the European Union and Turkey is still ongoing. Especially since the Tanzimat era, Turkey has turned its face to the west. With having territories both in Asia and Europe, and with its rich historical and cultural heritage, geopolitical position, and young population, Turkey has expressed the commitment of being a member of the European Union in its rhetoric. In this respect, Turkey is carrying out some legal regulations. These negotiations with the European Union has been socio-cultural reflections in Turkey. Turkey has prepared a package of reforms to become a member of the European Union. In this respect, in the process of orientation with the European Union, Turkey has done may legislations in the areas of especially fundamental rights, women, children, agriculture, livestock, fisheries, food security, tourism, working life and education. It will not be wrong to say that these negotiations with the European Union reflected Turkey positively. social policies that Turkey carried out has significantly adapted to European Union legislation. However, there are still some incompatibilities with European Union legislation. In recent years, relations between Turkey and the European Union have ups and downs. This article will examine the socio-cultural implications of the negotiations to Turkey between itself and the European Union. Historical developments of the negotiations conducted with the European Union and Turkey will be discussed. The purpose of this article is to give a general outline about Turkey and the European Union relation’s socio-cultural reflections to Turkey.</p> 2020-06-30T19:31:54+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Seventh Congress and religious policy of the Republican People’s Party (1945-1950) 2020-06-30T20:08:44+00:00 Meltem Salimoğlu <p>In this study, it is aimed to analyse the religion policy of the Republican People's Party (RPP) in the period of transition to the multi-party system in the period of 1945-1950, the change in the perspective of religion and its causes. The RPP started working on religion in 1939, and the most important change occurred after the Seventh Congress in 1947. The most striking aspect of this process is the revision of the principle of secularism, which is seen as untouchable and the foundation of the official ideology. The development of the international capitalist system and the restructured internal political made RPP's change mandatory. The most important consequences of this change were the starting religious education in schools and opening of Imam Hatip courses in order to train clergymen. It is observed that the separation of the state, which is intended to be protected by the principle of secularism after the republic’s declaration, has gradually weakened in this process. This change of attitude of the RPP seems to be a political strategy. Because, in this period, RPP took the decision to expand the sphere of religion in social life, on the other hand, it is disturbed by the widening of this field, especially the religion becoming more and more politically visible. The most important indicator of this contradictory position of the RPP is reviving the discourse of reactionarism threat by 1949. In the study, it is suggested that the RPP’s decisions and practices in this period shaped Turkey’s religious policy in the ensuing years. Moreover, it is also argued that ideologies suppressed in the one-party period allowed them to build the tools of cultural hegemony necessary for political struggle. In this article, RPP’s statements in the reports of Turkish Grand National Assembly and Congress, and the traces of changes in its discourse are analysed in the period of 1945-1950.</p> 2020-06-30T19:33:52+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Academic studies in Turkey on migration: A review of migration literature 2020-06-30T20:08:44+00:00 Gürcan Şevket Avcıoğlu <p>Although the subject of migration is a historical, political, economic and sociological phenomenon, generally in Turkey, it is not a subject that is emphasized in academic literature. The issue of immigration has become more up to date in the last nine years due to demographic mobility from Syria to our country. In this respect, there is a need for more extensive scientific examination of the characteristics or qualities of the migrations being experienced. Since explanation of the qualities of academic studies conducted on migration requires much more comprehensive research and different methods, the quantitative properties of academic studies on migration have been determined to be the subject of the present study. This study aimed to reveal a numerical inventory of academic migration studies in Turkey. The study was conducted using the quantitative research method. The research type used is a descriptive method. The internet was chosen as the data source. To this end, various databases and internet websites were scanned via the internet. The internet website of “Kitap Yurdu”, a private organization and one of the online book distributors; the internet website of “Milli Kütüphane (The National Library)”, where all the publications in Turkey are collected and catalogued; the internet website of the thesis centre of the Higher Education Board where post-graduate theses are collected and catalogued, and the DergiPark website where ULAKBIM lists academic journals in Turkey were chosen as the internet data sources. It was attempted to reach scientific studies conducted in Turkey on migration by scanning these websites. It is seen as a result of the examination of these internet sources that within the topic of migration literature, the subject of internal migration caused by urbanization in Turkey outnumbers others. In addition to internal migration induced by urbanization, there are studies on labour migration from Turkey abroad and its social, political and cultural consequences. These are followed by studies conducted on immigration to Turkey from the Balkans, the Caucuses, Asia and Africa and their characteristics. Publications made with respect to migrations for political reasons also constitute a sizeable number. According to the findings, the number of academic articles on migration is on the rise. There has been a remarkable rise in the number of articles and theses, especially over the past two years. However, one of the shortcomings in these increasing studies is that there is a limited increase in the number of studies based on data obtained from the field.</p> 2020-06-30T19:38:20+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Measure in Turkish calligraphy according to calligrapher Şevki Efendi style 2020-06-30T20:08:45+00:00 Özgür Çetintaş <p>Calligraphy, which has an essential place among traditional Turkish arts, has been taught for many centuries with the skill of a master-apprentice and has reached today without losing its characteristic features. He urges this action by making explicit compliments on writing the Surat Al-Qalam in the holy book of Islam, the Quran. Hz. Ali is a person who emphasizes the importance of writing and places importance on writing. The one who referred him to write beautifully was Hz. Muhammad became. Islamic religion and Sufism are teachings that glorify being measured in all areas of life. Calligraphy has emerged as a branch of art that takes its source from the religion of Islam and has passed through certain phases to the present day. The Arabic alphabet and Islamic calligraphy, which was developed based on the painting, then the line and the point, has an artistic value today. The Islamic calligraphy, which does not interact with other known art branches and movements, has preserved its linear performance as a result of the ban on the depiction and has not come together with plastic arts until recently. According to Turkish artists, writing is painting. But it is a surrealist picture. Letterforms, like people in Picasso paintings, are both natural and extraordinary (Baltacıoğlu, 1993, s. 20). There are specific measures and rules to be followed in all branches of art and schools. The Islamic calligraphy, which is given to life by Muslims, is an art branch with immutable measures. The dimensions we mentioned include the letters that make up the writing, the dots, the reader and its decoration, and the people who deal with this art. In this article, it will be mentioned about the measurement system that forms the basis of calligraphy and what this measurement system can be determined. We believe that understanding the measurement system, which is the permanent rule of the traditional line in the centre of our traditional arts, will be an essential contribution to the performance and criticism of this art.</p> 2020-06-30T19:40:31+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Gangs and social change 2020-06-30T20:08:42+00:00 Hamit Ölçer <p>Extant literature on the subject has usually defined gangs as loose associations of individuals engaged in some type of delinquent or criminal activity. Yet researchers have failed to sociologically differentiate gangs from other types of collective behavior. In contrast, this article understands gangs as organizations influenced by the social structure of the urban areas in which they operate. Concentrating on gangs in the US context, the article summarizes both common features and different forms gangs have assumed over five historical eras, arguing that gangs respond to rather than create significant social changes.</p> 2020-06-30T19:43:52+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##